Vanguard's Investment Stewardship team addresses critical corporate governance matters through public advocacy, engagement with company boards and proxy voting.

The website below discloses the proxy votes cast by the Vanguard funds.

Vanguard's Investment Stewardship team plays various roles in the proxy voting process for Vanguard funds across the globe. Generally, the Investment Stewardship team is responsible for administering proxy votes on behalf of Vanguard's internally managed funds and ETFs. In 2019, the boards of trustees of Vanguard's externally managed funds delegated full proxy voting responsibilities to those funds' external managers.

To view the details of proxy votes cast by a fund for the most recent proxy year, July 1, 2020, through June 30, 2021, click here. The vote information for the following quarters will be posted on a rolling basis. If a fund is managed by multiple advisors, each manager's vote will display in the record.

Note that clicking on the link will redirect you to an external website.