From its COVID-inspired low point in late March, the Australian share market – as measured by the performance of the S&P/ASX 300 Index – has surged more than 40 per cent.
It's an impressive rebound in such a short period of time, delivering strong returns to equity investors, especially to those who have broad exposure to the Australian share market through low-cost index-tracking exchange traded funds (ETF) and managed funds.
But it seems many of Australia's roughly 600,000 self-managed super funds (SMSFs), covering more than 1.1 million members, have failed to capitalise on the share market's robust growth.
Data only just released by the Australian Tax Office, detailing the asset allocations for all SMSFs in the quarter to the end of June, shows there was still a large investment weighting at that time towards cash and term deposits.
In fact, cash still remains the second-biggest holding for SMSFs behind ASX-listed shares.
At 30 June 2020 SMSF trustees were holding around $191.5 billion in Australian shares and $156.3 billion in cash, representing 26.1 per cent and 21.3 per cent respectively of the $705.4 billion in total SMSF assets.
Total SMSF cash holdings were largely unchanged on the March quarter number of $156.6 billion.
While the value of holdings in Australian shares at the end of June was actually up considerably on the $165.3 billion total value at the end of the March quarter, that's largely explained by the 16.5 per cent rise on the local share market between 1 April and 30 June.
By contrast, the average returns from term deposit accounts were below 1 per cent in the June quarter, and remain so.
The stubbornly high percentage of SMSF assets in low-yielding cash is even more evident in the ATO's data breakdown of asset distributions by fund size.
Its latest data has only recently been extracted, but relates to the 2018-19 financial year.
It shows that, on average, super funds with $1 million to $2 million had around 30 per cent of their total assets in Australian listed shares, and 23 per cent in cash and term deposits.
The next-largest holdings in this subset were unlisted trusts (10 per cent) and non-residential real property (8 per cent).
SMSFs with $500,000 to $1 million were holding around 25 per cent in listed shares and 24 per cent in cash.
Interestingly, the numbers started turning the other way in smaller SMSFs. Those with between $200,000 and $500,000 in assets were holding around 23 per cent in listed Australian shares and an even larger 29 per cent in cash.
The smaller the amount of assets, the higher amount of cash.
For SMSFs between $100,000 and $200,000, the average holdings were 23 per cent in Australian-listed shares and 42 per cent in cash. And, for funds holding between $50,000 and $100,000 in super assets, the numbers were 23 per cent in Australian-listed shares and 45 per cent in cash.
Another observation from the ATO's data is that many SMSFs are generally not well diversified into other major asset classes, including international equities and fixed interest.
Unlisted trusts, which by and large represent unitised unlisted property securities, are third-highest in terms of total SMSF assets, accounting for around $86 billion of capital (11.7 per cent).
Commercial properties account for more than $73 billion in SMSF assets.
Overseas shares, which accounted for $7.7 billion of total SMSF assets at the end of June, rank outside of the top 10.
The table below shows the top 10 holdings represent almost 100 per cent of the assets held by SMSFs.
|Asset class||Amount ($m)||% of total SMSF assets|
|Cash and term deposits||156,278||21.3|
|Non-residential real property||73,493||10.0|
|Limited recourse borrowing arrangements||50,234||6.8|
|Residential real property||39,100||5.3|
|Other managed investments||37,700||5.1|
The overweighting by SMSF trustees into Australian shares, cash and illiquid assets such as property has been on the ATO's radar for some time.
In late February the SMSF regulator released new guidance for trustees around what should be detailed in their fund's written investment strategy.
The ATO specifically wants to know from trustees how the asset allocations they make from their super fund assets supports their investment approach towards achieving their retirement goals.
For funds with too much asset concentration risk, trustees must justify their lack of diversification and how they believe this will achieve their overall goals.
While share markets have rebounded since March, ongoing uncertainty over COVID, the US election and other situations will ensure equity markets remain volatile over the short-to-medium term.
At the same time record low interest rates will ensure ongoing poor yields from cash holdings, meaning those with large cash balances needing to generate income may need to consider other types of investment assets.
Diversification to offset risks across different asset classes is one of the key elements of every investment strategy.
The latest ATO asset allocation data once again illustrates that many SMSF trustees should be taking a broader investment approach.
It may be prudent for some SMSFs trustees, especially those with large cash balances earning near-zero per cent returns, to consider consulting a licensed financial adviser to discuss their investment strategy.
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