Successful investing relies on many factors. Some can't be controlled—the returns of the markets, for example. But others can be. Vanguard believes in the importance of focusing on those things within an investor's control, and this philosophy is embedded in our four principles for investing success.
When investors create clear, appropriate investment goals, develop suitable asset allocations, minimise expenses, and maintain perspective and long-term discipline, they give themselves the best chance of long-term investment success.